Bateman, John Frederick La Trobe

[br]
b. 30 May 1810 Lower Wyke, near Halifax, Yorkshire, England
d. 10 June 1889 Moor Park, Farnham, Surrey, England
[br]
English civil engineer whose principal works were concerned with reservoirs, water-supply schemes and pipelines.
[br]
Bateman's maternal grandfather was a Moravian missionary, and from the age of 7 he was educated at the Moravian schools at Fairfield and Ockbrook. At the age of 15 he was apprenticed to a "civil engineer, land surveyor and agent" in Oldham. After this apprenticeship, Bateman commenced his own practice in 1833. One of his early schemes and reports was in regard to the flooding of the river Medlock in the Manchester area. He came to the attention of William Fairbairn, the engine builder and millwright of Canal Street, Ancoats, Manchester. Fairbairn used Bateman as his site surveyor and as such he prepared much of the groundwork for the Bann reservoirs in Northern Ireland. Whilst the reports on the proposals were in the name of Fairbairn, Bateman was, in fact, appointed by the company as their engineer for the execution of the works. One scheme of Bateman's which was carried forward was the Kendal Reservoirs. The Act for these was signed in 1845 and was implemented not for the purpose of water supply but for the conservation of water to supply power to the many mills which stood on the river Kent between Kentmere and Morecambe Bay. The Kentmere Head dam is the only one of the five proposed for the scheme to survive, although not all the others were built as they would have retained only small volumes of water.
Perhaps the greatest monument to the work of J.F.La Trobe Bateman is Manchester's water supply; he was consulted about this in 1844, and construction began four years later. He first built reservoirs in the Longdendale valley, which has a very complicated geological stratification. Bateman favoured earth embankment dams and gravity feed rather than pumping; the five reservoirs in the valley that impound the river Etherow were complex, cored earth dams. However, when completed they were greatly at risk from landslips and ground movement. Later dams were inserted by Bateman to prevent water loss should the older dams fail. The scheme was not completed until 1877, by which time Manchester's population had exceeded the capacity of the original scheme; Thirlmere in Cumbria was chosen by Manchester Corporation as the site of the first of the Lake District water-supply schemes. Bateman, as Consulting Engineer, designed the great stone-faced dam at the west end of the lake, the "gothic" straining well in the middle of the east shore of the lake, and the 100-mile (160 km) pipeline to Manchester. The Act for the Thirlmere reservoir was signed in 1879 and, whilst Bateman continued as Consulting Engineer, the work was supervised by G.H. Hill and was completed in 1894.
Bateman was also consulted by the authorities in Glasgow, with the result that he constructed an impressive water-supply scheme derived from Loch Katrine during the years 1856–60. It was claimed that the scheme bore comparison with "the most extensive aqueducts in the world, not excluding those of ancient Rome". Bateman went on to superintend the waterworks of many cities, mainly in the north of England but also in Dublin and Belfast. In 1865 he published a pamphlet, On the Supply of Water to London from the Sources of the River Severn, based on a survey funded from his own pocket; a Royal Commission examined various schemes but favoured Bateman's.
Bateman was also responsible for harbour and dock works, notably on the rivers Clyde and Shannon, and also for a number of important water-supply works on the Continent of Europe and beyond. Dams and the associated reservoirs were the principal work of J.F.La Trobe Bateman; he completed forty-three such schemes during his professional career. He also prepared many studies of water-supply schemes, and appeared as professional witness before the appropriate Parliamentary Committees.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
FRS 1860. President, Institution of Civil Engineers 1878, 1879.
Bibliography
Among his publications History and Description of the Manchester Waterworks, (1884, London), and The Present State of Our Knowledge on the Supply of Water to Towns, (1855, London: British Association for the Advancement of Science) are notable.
Further Reading
Obituary, 1889, Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers 97:392– 8.
Obituary, 1889, Proceedings of the Royal Society 46:xlii-xlviii. G.M.Binnie, 1981, Early Victorian Water Engineers, London.
P.N.Wilson, 1973, "Kendal reservoirs", Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society 73.
KM / LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • La Trobe Bateman, John Frederick — See: Bateman, John Frederick La Trobe …   Biographical history of technology

  • John Frederick Bateman — Infobox Engineer image width = 150px caption = John Bateman in 1859 name = John Frederick Bateman nationality = English birth date = 30 May 1810 birth place = Lower Wyke, Halifax, England death date = Death date and age|1889|6|10|1810|5|30 death… …   Wikipedia

  • Civil engineering — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Albert, Prince Consort Aubert, Jean Bailey, Sir Donald Coleman Bateman, John Frederick La Trobe Bell, Imrie Booth, Hubert Cecil Bouch, Sir Thomas …   Biographical history of technology

  • Public utilities — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Argand, François Pierre Amis Armstrong, Sir William George Bateman, John Frederick La Trobe Bramah, Joseph Brown, Charles Eugene Lancelot Brunel, Isambard Kingdom Brush, Charles Francis …   Biographical history of technology

  • List of Individuals — see also about The following is a list of all individuals considered, with name, first name(s), years of birth and death, * portrait available and location of main professional activity. Names of persons contained in volume 1 are in italic and… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

  • Longdendale Chain — The Longdendale Chain is a sequence of six reservoirs on the River Etherow in the valley of Longdendale, in northern Derbyshire. They were constructed between 1848 and 1884 to a design by John Frederick Bateman to supply the growing population of …   Wikipedia

  • List of civil engineers — This list of civil engineers is a list of notable people who have been trained in or have practised civil engineering. Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A …   Wikipedia

  • Прерафаэлиты — «Офелия», Д. Э. Милле, одна из самых известных картин прерафаэлитов. 1852 г., галерея Тейт, Лондон Прерафаэлиты (англ.  …   Википедия

  • McCrae Homestead — Georgiana McCrae McCrae Homestead is an historic property located in McCrae, Victoria, Australia. It was built at the foot of Arthurs Seat, a small mountain, near the shores of Port Phillip in 1844 by Andrew McCrae, a lawyer, and his wife… …   Wikipedia

  • List of landscape architects — A landscape architect is educated, to a high standard whether academic or practical, in landscape architecture and whose professional work conforms to the practice of the same name. The term landscape architect is used differently because… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.